Variable handling Functions
PHP Manual


(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

intvalGet the integer value of a variable


int intval ( mixed $var [, int $base = 10 ] )

Returns the integer value of var, using the specified base for the conversion (the default is base 10). intval() should not be used on objects, as doing so will emit an E_NOTICE level error and return 1.



The scalar value being converted to an integer


The base for the conversion


If base is 0, the base used is determined by the format of var:

  • if string includes a "0x" (or "0X") prefix, the base is taken as 16 (hex); otherwise,
  • if string starts with "0", the base is taken as 8 (octal); otherwise,
  • the base is taken as 10 (decimal).

Return Values

The integer value of var on success, or 0 on failure. Empty arrays return 0, non-empty arrays return 1.

The maximum value depends on the system. 32 bit systems have a maximum signed integer range of -2147483648 to 2147483647. So for example on such a system, intval('1000000000000') will return 2147483647. The maximum signed integer value for 64 bit systems is 9223372036854775807.

Strings will most likely return 0 although this depends on the leftmost characters of the string. The common rules of integer casting apply.


Example #1 intval() examples

The following examples are based on a 32 bit system.

echo intval(42);                      // 42
echo intval(4.2);                     // 4
echo intval('42');                    // 42
echo intval('+42');                   // 42
echo intval('-42');                   // -42
echo intval(042);                     // 34
echo intval('042');                   // 42
echo intval(1e10);                    // 1410065408
echo intval('1e10');                  // 1
echo intval(0x1A);                    // 26
echo intval(42000000);                // 42000000
echo intval(420000000000000000000);   // 0
echo intval('420000000000000000000'); // 2147483647
echo intval(428);                   // 42
echo intval('42'8);                 // 34
echo intval(array());                 // 0
echo intval(array('foo''bar'));     // 1



The base parameter has no effect unless the var parameter is a string.


Version Description
5.1.0 Throws E_NOTICE and returns 1, when an object is passed to var.

See Also

Variable handling Functions
PHP Manual